World Mental Health Day
Today is World Mental Health Day
Have you ever wondered why a worried friend can’t just calm down or why someone who is sad can’t just be more positive? If you don’t live with a mental health disorder, it can be hard to understand why some people don’t see and experience the world in the same way you do. Everyone experiences feelings like sadness and fear, but for people with mental disorders, these feelings become more extreme. Sometimes, they cannot be reminded simply through positive thinking or trying to stay calm.
Approximately 1 in 5 adults experience some type of mental illness. That is 42.8 million people, and 18.5% of the population. In honor of the World Health Organization’s World Mental Health Day, let’s examine some types of mental illnesses and the impact they have on people’s everyday lives.
While they are many types of mental illnesses, the most common include:
- Anxiety disorders. When a person has an anxiety disorder, they respond to certain objects or situations with a heightened sense of dread or fear. To others, their reactions may seem unreasonable or extreme. But for people suffering from anxiety disorders, it can have an impact on their everyday functioning. Common anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
- Mood disorders. Mood disorders cause people to experience fluctuations in emotions, often going from extreme happiness to extreme sadness, or vice versa. People with mood disorders might also go through periods of prolonged sadness, or periods of feeling overly happy. Mood disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
- Psychotic disorders. These involve distorted awareness and thinking, including hallucinations or delusions. Schizophrenia is the most common example of a psychotic disorder.
- Eating disorders. Disorders like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorders emerge when people feel extreme reactions to food and weight.
- Personality disorders. Someone with a personality disorder may exhibit extreme and inflexible personality traits. These traits often differ from the expectations of society, and can cause issues with the person’s everyday life and relationships. Types of personality disorders include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder, commonly known as PTSD. PTSD occurs following a traumatic event, like an assault, unexpected or violent death of a loved one, war, or natural disaster. PTSD causes people to suffer from lasting memories of the traumatic event.
Statistics and Treatment
All these types of disorders, though they are all different, can have a huge impact of a person’s life. They can put a strain on relationships, and lead to a lack of focus on school or work. If the disorder gets in the way of employment, can lead to a loss of wages, since mental illnesses are typically not covered by Workers’ Compensation. Additionally, mental illnesses have an effect on society as a whole: 37% of students with a mental health condition will end up dropping out of school. 26% of homeless adults live in a type of mental illness. 70% of youth in juvenile detention systems have a mental disorder.
These statistics show why the treatment of mental illness is so vital. There is not “one size fits all” approach to treating mental illnesses. Common types of treatments include medication and therapy. Depending on the disorder, the type of therapy will differ. Some disorders can be best treated with talk therapy, while others may require a more specified type, such as behavior modification therapy or immersion therapy. In some severe cases, particularly when the person becomes a threat to themselves or others, hospitalization or placement in a treatment center may become necessary.
It’s important to be aware of the impact of mental illnesses every day, not just on World Metal Health Day!
The attorneys at Perenich, Caulfield, Avril & Noyes represent those involved in personal injury matters. Our firm is one of the oldest personal injury law firms in Tampa Bay. There are no attorneys’ fees or costs unless we prevail for you. Call our office 24 hours a day at 727-796-8282 or simply click here to schedule a free case consultation.